Animal Farm

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Animal Farm is a symbolic novel written by George Orwell which was published for the first time in 1945 in England. At first glance it appears to be a book written for children containing the story related to the farms, animals and their lifestyle but as you go through it deeply you will find that it conveys a serious message instead of a tale of fighting animals like Tom and Jerry. The author has highlighted the ways of conversion of perfect communist mythology into the system believing in totalitarian form of government

Review

The story of Animal farm starts with the meetings held secretly by animals to find the ways to get rid of the dictatorship of mankind on their community. Old Major, a pig who headed the meeting, encouraged other animals against Mr. Jones through his powerful speech and song titled as Beasts of England. The author continued such meetings until they ruled out the possession of humans on the Manor farm through Battle of Cowshed and captured its possession. Now the animals were free to take decision for their progress as the masters of their own. At first of all they renamed Manor Farm as Animal Form and written The Seven Commandments, a constitution for themselves. The morning of every Sunday was honoured by singing Beasts of England after hoisting a flag.

Though they increased their yield than earlier with the hard work of horses under the supervision of pigs by using simple ways of harvest to be autonomous but still it was not easy for them to operate this farm. They called each other comrade and worked harmoniously but they could not maintain this communist as well as free framework for long.

Pigs then started convincing other animals that feeding pigs with most of the milk and apples will be in their own interest and gradually amended al the rule of their constitution in their favour. The rules like ‘All animals are equal’ were changed to ‘all animals are equal but some are more than others’ by taking the advantage of poor literacy of the animals and their political statements. The crowd was pacified at the time of protest against these changes by the nine trained enormous pigs with adequate military powers. Thus the operation of the Animal farm became the dictatorship of the most idle but brightest animals, pigs.

Through Moses, a docile raven, Orwell also criticised the church as he talks about an imaginery happy country, Sugarcandy Mountain, where poor animals can live on the basis of their efforts. The interesting point at this situation is that Moses was sleeping in his barn when Old Major was delivering a revolutionary speech which replicates when the communists caught the church asleep. Orwell has also shown fight for power and chair between Snowball and Napolean in this book when they use illegal ways to weaken the support for each other.

In this way the author used his beautiful style of writing a fairy tale, Animal Farm, to discuss serious issues in an interesting manner.

 

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1984 – a classic novel

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George Orwell penned one of the greatest books that the world has ever known and that are exactly what this novel is. Nineteen Eighty-Four, which is sometimes published as 1984, I one masterpiece that goes down in history as a book that is not only rich in intrigue but also opens the world that not many are familiar with. The novel was published in the year 1949, just a year before George’s death but it remains a book that will withstand the tests of time as the subject is one that is here to stay. The book is set in a place called Airstrip One which is the present day Great Britain which is a province of an enormous state known as Oceania and here there is a lot of perpetual war going on. There is a surveillance system by the government that is meant to keep all these people in check and manipulation as well as total authoritarianism is practiced on the subjects. This is otherwise known as English Socialism, and it is the order of the day around here, and you have to live by it. Individualism or rather 8indenepent thinking is highly discouraged here, and it is punishable by the Inner Party which is composed of the society’s elite few.

There is supposedly a party leader who goes by the name Big Brother but if he is fiction or not is something that the citizens do not know. This party is not in the least bit interested in the good of the general public but rather enjoys just acquiring power, and that is all it is about. Winston Smith, who is the protagonist of this book, is a member of what is called the Outer Party and whose job is to rewrite past newspaper articles so that they are in line with whatever propaganda that the government is spreading. Their work is also to destroy any newspapers or evidence that is contrary to what the government might have said. By this method, the government remains in control of power and manipulation of the general public is made the way easier. This is basically what the book is all about, and if you read further, you will see why it is considered one of the best books of all time.

As far as dystopian sci-fi and political fiction are concerned, this is hailed as one of the best books of all time. The terms Big Brother, thoughtcrime, doublethink, Newspeak, as well as memory hole are all phrases that Orwell coined in this novel. These terms have been included in the modern use, and this is just among the few reasons why this remains an excellent book. The content that is delivered here is juts beyond any regular writing and the plot too does not fail in the least bit. The style of writing too is something that only Orwell possessed. The book has received a lot of literary awards that prove to show further how a classic this was and sill is. Deception, secret surveillance as well as manipulation is what it is all about and it is delivered brilliantly.

 

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Is George Orwell’s work still relevant today? Was he Prophetic?

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George Orwell was an enigmatic figure, a humanist who died soon after he wrote one of the most readable, and thought provoking books on how tyranny effects society. Based on a fictional post-war society, were the world is divided into three great warring empires, Winston Smith is a outer- party member living in Airstrip One, which was once Britain. The party, dominate all life, and every citizen is watched by the ‘thought’ police. Airstrip One is part of Oceania. Here is George Orwell’s work which is a dire prediction for the future of mankind.

The Price of Freedom Is Eternal Vigilance

No-one is sure who first uttered the aphorism about freedom’s price being eternal vigilance. It might have been Voltaire; it might have been Thomas Jefferson or Tom Paine; it might have been John Philpot Curran. It matters very little who it was: it matters that the aphorism is true. Today, there is no threat to our freedom more insidious than the surveillant society.

In 1949 George Orwell’s Nineteen Eighty-Four was published. The novel depicts a dystopian world of the near future: Nineteen Eighty-Four is compulsory reading for anyone concerned about the liberty of the individual.

Superficially, you can read the novel and sigh with relief that Orwell’s totalitarian vision has, on the whole, not materialised. The Berlin wall came down, the iron curtain went up, God’s in his heaven – All’s right with the world.

There is a great deal more to the novel, however. A number of disturbing themes run through it, including the prescient portrayal of the surveillant society. Big Brother represents a contradiction that can be seen as a triumph of the state’s psychological manipulation. On the one hand, he is to be feared because he knows everything and you can never escape him. On the other hand, why would you wish to escape this supreme source of protection?

Big Brother Is Watching You

Panoptic surveillance derives from Jeremy Bentham’s design for a prison called the Panopticon, a circular shaped prison with a central observation tower. In the Panopticon prisoners would never know when, or if, they were being watched. Orwell’s vision was chilling enough; however, when Foucault referred to Jeremy Bentham’s never realized prison design, to allow, amongst other things, the efficient inspection and maximum surveillance of inmates, he was using it as a metaphor for the more widespread surveillant society.

Far more chilling than mere surveillance is how surveillance leads to social control: far more insidious than mere social control is how panoptic surveillance leads to self-regulation. That today we live in a surveillant society is not something that is new. Governments have always wanted to keep people under surveillance because it is an effective means of social control.

All governments, not just totalitarian ones, have an interest in social control. The difference today is the increasingly sophisticated means that are available to governments to keep people under surveillance. And the most effective surveillance is that which forces you to modify your behaviour because you might, you just can’t be sure, you just might be being watched.

We live in a surveillant society where a similar psychological manipulation takes place to that depicted by Orwell in his novel. Governments have means to collect data about the lives of individuals: and you know that. Governments may misuse the data they collect: and you should remember that. Governments argue that data collection is necessary, and used only, for your safety: Do you believe that?

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George Orwell’s Essays

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Eric Arthur Blair, commonly known as George Orwell, was one of the most thought-provoking twentieth-century authors who wrote some of the best essays in history. He was born in Bengal India in 1903 and died in 1950. Although he died at a tender age, his ideas have lived on through up to the present time. Most of his works have been reproduced into films that are enjoyed by many people around the world. Orwell was the best essayist, novelist, and critic who become popular for his novels the animal farm and nineteen eighty-four.

Orwell decided to fight the injustices of his time using pen and paper. In fact, the works of George Orwell is an accurate reflection of the society of his time. His essays are a reflection of his boyhood and profession of essay writing to his personal views on British imperialism and Spanish Civil War. The works of Orwell does not end the there. He wrote many topics about Charles Dickens, Mahatma Gandhi, Rudyard Kipling, and Jewish religion. Here is a list of some of the most celebrated George Orwell’s essays.

#1. Such, Such Were the Joys

This essay is an Orwell’s account of his stay at Crossgates- a school for rich students in England. He went to that school not because he was rich but because he was a bright boy. At Crossgates, Orwell had a perfect chance of passing exams and joining some of the prestigious universities later and boosts the image of the school. The sad part of this book is that he could not have a cake each year because his parents were poor and could not afford to buy it. Orwell in this essay shows how the poor and bright student could be discriminated by the rich. In fact, this childhood memoir is inspiring and cannot be compared to any other childhood account by other

#2. Charles Dickens

In this essay, George Orwell analyzes the works of Charles Dickens in a simple way that is easy to understand and will help the readers appreciate Dickens as a great writer. He describes Dickens a moralist since he was against wrong deeds of those in power or the rich people in his time. In fact, this essay will make every reader wants to read the works of Charles Dickens.

#3. Shooting the elephant

This is very short, but it is one of the best works of Orwell. In this essay, Orwell describes his life a policeman in Burma. He hated Burmese his job because he feels that local Burmese did not like English people as they are oppressors. One day, there was runaway elephant that killed a native. As a policeman, Orwell is required to kill the elephant. He does not intend to kill the elephant but he is forced to do so because of the fear of ridicule from the locals. In this essay, Orwell is trying to paint white imperialists as puppets matching to the tune of natives while trying to impress them.

Conclusion

George Orwell was one of the best authors whose works are popular even nowadays and in the future. He wrote many books that are still applicable in our current society. You will always have an insatiable appetite for reading George Orwell’s essays.

 

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Bio of the Life of George Orwell

George Orwell is one of the most celebrated writers when it comes to novels, essays, and journals. In fact, the Times newspaper in London ranked him as the second most influential British writer since 1945. Orwell focused on poetry, fiction, polemical journalism, and literary criticism. His most famous publications were the Animal Farm in 1945 and Nineteen Eighty-Four in 1949. Others included Homage of Catalonia in 1938 and The Road to Wigan Pier in 1937. Orwell had such a great influence on the world that political philosophers coined the term ‘Orwellian’ to describe a phenomenon that is contrary to the ideals of an open and free society. They did so because Orwell had accurately described such phenomena in his books including Politics and the English Language. However, much of Orwell’s life remains unknown to the public. For example, many people do not know that George Orwell was not his real name.

The Birth and Early Life of George Orwell

His birth name was Eric Arthur Blair. That was also his legal name. George Orwell was just his pen name. Born in June 25 1903, Orwell had two sisters. His father, Richard Blair, worked in the Indian Civil Service and his mother, Ida Blair, had various artistic interests. Ida Blair gave birth to Orwell in British India, but she settled with him and his sisters in England in 1904. When he was five years old, Orwell went to a convent school in Oxfordshire run by French Ursuline nuns.

When he was eight years old, he went to St. Cyprian’s School in East Sussex. As part of his schoolwork, Orwell wrote two essays that earned him a scholarship to Eton College as well as Wellington College. He took up the Wellington scholarship in January 1917, before opting for the Eton one in May 1917. At Eton, Orwell was instrumental in the production of college magazines such as The Election Times, College Days and finally, Bubble and Squeak.

The Adult Life and Death of George Orwell

Orwell had many interesting careers during his adult years. For example, he set out to join the Indian Police Service in 1922 in Burma and got his first official posting in 1924. In 1927, he developed dengue fever and traveled back to England to nurse his illness. During this time, he re-examined his life and decided to resign from the Indian Police Force. He moved to Paris, France in 1928 and there, he started writing novels. He also became a journalist publishing various articles in Monde, which was a French communist magazine.

In 1929, Orwell moved back to England. Here he lived with his sister and her family. He became a tutor to various boys during this time, which prepared him for teaching career at The Hawthorns School for boys and Frays College. In October 1934, he became a part-time assistant at a bookshop in Hampstead, a village area in London. He quit this job in January 1936. One year after he quit, he wrote The Road to Wigan Pier whose publisher was Gollancz. Orwell set out for Spain in 1936 to fight in the Spanish Civil War in his attempt to combat the rise of fascism in Europe. A sniper bullet hit him in his throat during the war. He was able to escape Spain in 1937.

When the Second World War broke out, Orwell could not join the army because of his condition. Instead, he focused on plays, books, and films. In fact, he started work on the Animal Farm in 1943. After this time, he published many other books including Nineteen Eighty-Four. He developed tuberculosis in 1947 and died on 21 January 1950.

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The Real George Orwell

George Orwell requested that there be no documentaries about him. However, this didn’t stop many curious fans from trying to piece together information about his fascinating life. Whether you’ve read his famous works, or only heard them quoted (“big brother is watching you;” “some are more equal than others”) George Orwell has contributed to our culture in inextricable ways.

This video is the first in a six-part series about this iconic author. Enjoy!